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World War 2 – 1944, Operation Valkyrie


World War 2 – 1944, Operation Valkyrie

 

Operation Valkyrie was an emergency continuity of government operations plan developed for the Territorial Reserve Army of Germany (Wehrmacht Heer) to execute and implement should, for whatever reason, there come to be a general breakdown in civil order of the nation; caused by the failure of the nominal civilian (Nazi) led government, to maintain control of civil affairs. The plan was approved by German leader Adolf Hitler, who intended it to be used in the event that physical disruption caused by the Allied bombing of German cities resulted in a breakdown in domestic law and order; or a rising by the millions of forced laborers from occupied countries working in German factories.

German Army (Wehrmacht Heer) officers General Friedrich Olbricht and Major General Henning von Tresckow modified the plan with the intention of using it to take control of German cities, disarm the SS, and arrest the Nazi leadership once Hitler had been assassinated in the July 20 Plot. Hitler’s death (as opposed to his arrest) was required to free German soldiers from their oath of loyalty to him (Reichswehreid). After lengthy preparation, the plot was carried out in 1944, but failed.

 

Part 01

 

Part 02

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